HIV-related healthcare needs and access barriers for Brazilian transgender and gender diverse people
Costa, AB1; Vaitses Fontanari, AM2; Catelan, RF2; Schwarz, K2; Stucky, JL1; Filho, HTR2; Pase, PF1; Gagliotti, DAM3; Saadeh, A3; Lobato, MIR2; Nardi, HC2; Koller, SH2
1: PUCRS, Brazil; 2: UFRGS, Brazil; 3: USP, Brazil
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate HIV-related healthcare needs and access barriers for Brazilian transgender and gender diverse people (GDP).
Material and Methods: Data were collected from gender identity clinics and the questionnaire was also made available on the Internet. Out of the 543 participants, 63.72% had been tested at least once in their lives.
Results: The prevalence of self-reported HIV-positive status among the transgender women was 11.8%, of which 7.69% reported not having a physician with whom they regularly consulted about HIV, whereas none of the transgender men or GDP reported HIV-positive status. In addition, 8.22% of transgender men and 12.5% of gender diverse people did not know their serological status. Finally, 70.95% of the participants were unfamiliar with post-exposure prophylaxis.
Conclusion: The study discusses the need for adequate behavior-oriented HIV health policies and training of healthcare professionals regarding the needs of Brazilian transgender and gender diverse people.
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