Meet the needs of sexual desire, sexual satisfaction in long term care in Taiwan
Lee, PC1; Kuo Hung, KH2
1: Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Taiwan, Taiwan; 2: Graduate School of Human Sexuality, Shu-Te University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Background: Taiwan society is aging fast, and will likely meet the criteria for an “aged society” in 2018. To forge a long-term care system that meets the needs of senior citizens and the mentally and physically challenged, in this year, “10-year long-term care 2.0 plan” had passed. However, sexuality, sexual desire, sexual satisfaction in older adults remains a neglected area of clinical intervention, particularly in long term care settings in Taiwan.
Objectives: This study investigates the relationships of sexual desire, sexual satisfaction and physical & mental health of people in Taiwan who will meet the needs of long-term care.
Materials and methods: The study design was cross-sectional from May 1st 2017 to October 15th 2017. Residents in Taiwan aged over 45 year-old were invited to join this study. Sexual desire, present sexual life, personal physical and mental health, aging life were assessed with questionnaires.
Results: 646 participants were considered eligible. The ratio of men to women is 56:44. Men were significantly higher than women in overall sexual desire (p < 0.005). There were significant differences in age, education degree, relationship status, residence status, economic source and sexual spectrum (p < 0.05). There were significant differences in age, education, marital status, relationship status, residence status, economic origin, ethnic distribution and sexual spectrum (p < 0.05). The overall sexual desire and sexual satisfaction were moderately correlated (r = 0.708). The overall sexual desire is correlated with the overall physical and mental health (r = 0.155). The overall sexual desire and the inner-thoughts are moderately correlated (r = 0.530). The overall sexual satisfaction was related to the overall physical and mental health (r = 0.085); The overall sexual satisfaction is related to the overall inner-thoughts (r = 0.458). The overall mental and physical health was associated with inner-thoughts (r = 0.202).
Conclusions: It is important to create a friendly policies about sexuality and capacity assessment in long term care facilities. Sexuality, sexual desires should be assessed by nurses and physicians with the resident. The facilities need plans to encourage an atmosphere where privacy of residents is respect. Sexual desire and satisfaction are unique and real, even in frail or demented older adults.
Work supported by industry: no.Go Back