Socio-demographic and psychological characteristics associated to the attitude towards homoparenting
Zauri, S1; Pastore, FF2; Limoncin, E3; Mollaioli, D3; Carosa, E1; Jannini, EA3; Ciocca, G3
1: Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L’Aquila, Italy; 2: Department of Human Studies, University of L’Aquila, Italy; 3: Departement of Systems Medicine, Tor Vergata University of Rome, Italy
Aim. Attitude towards homo-parenting is conditioned by several factors, as cultural, social, religious and psychological aspects. In this study we aim to evaluate the role of socio-demographic charateristics, attachment style and masculinity or femininity related to positive and negative attitudes towards homparental couple.
Materials and Methods. We recruited a convenience sample composed by 91 university students and we administered them a psychometric protocol. We invited the individuals to compile a socio-demographic questionnaire was administered, the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ) to assess relational patterns, the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BEM) for masculity/femininity, and the D’Amore and Green Same-sex Parenting Scale for attitudes towards same sex parenting. Comparison of means, correlation and regression analyses were performed to evaluate our data.
Results. Females revealed a higher attitude in favor of same-sex parenting (females=28.2±5.61 vs. males=24.1±8.87; p<0.01). No correlations among psychological variables as attachment styles and masculinity/femininity traits were found. On the other hand, several sociodemographic characteristics correlates with attitude towards homoparenting. In particular in females a high attitude is associated with positive attitude towards surrogacy (β=.29; p=.006) homosexual marriage (β=.308; p=.003) and dychotomic response to homoparenting (β=.413; p=.0000). While a reverse relation between a high attitude and favorable response to ART (β=-.301; p=.001). Only males favorable to dychotomic response to homoparenting showed high scores to D’Amore and Green Scale (β=.600; p=.0000). No influence of political or religion orientation and relationship status were found.
Conclusions. Our results showed once again a significant gender difference between females and males about homosexual themes, homoparenting particularly. However, in both the sex specific psychological and intrapsychic aspects did not explain the attitude towards homoparenting. In this regards, we noticed a fundamental role of cultural and social feeling towards the parenting tout court and homosexual rights, as the marriage. Therefore, we hypothesize that is likely homonegativity per se to influence the attitude towards homoparenting. Moreover, we conclude that the D’Amore and Green same-sex Scale positively correlates with dychotomic items of our survey protocol about homoparenting.
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