Sexual dysfunction in female university student and it correlation with body image
Eberhardt, PR1; Bragante, KC1; Cerentini, T1; Rosa, PV1
1: Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre, Brazil
Objective: To verify the prevalence of sexual dysfunction in female university student and to associate these findings with body image.
Material and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study which evaluated 285 female university student enrolment through social media. Sexual function and self-image assessment were evaluated using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-34), respectively. These questionnaires were completed online. Categorical variables were expressed as relative and absolute frequencies. Quantitative variables were expressed as means and standard deviations to normal distribution. Kolmogorov Smirnov Test was used to assess the distribution of variables. The present study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of a Federal University in Brazil.
Results: The results of FSFI and BSQ-34 showed prevalence 29,5% (84) of sexual dysfunction and 34,4% (98) manifested body image dissatisfaction. There was significant correlation between FSFI and BSQ-34. The sample was composed mainly of heterosexual women 82.1% (234), nulliparous 89.1% (254), single 79.3% (226), with a mean age of 24.56 years ± 5.49. It was found that women with sexual dysfunction had dissatisfaction with their corporal image, according to the Chi-square test (p = 0.029) and Fischer's exact test (p = 0.029). Pearson Coefficient showed a significant negative correlation (p = 0.01) between the BSQ-34 and FSFI scores.
Conclusion: The findings of this study suggested that the perception of body image influenced the sexual function of female university student. We suggest to always evaluate these variables together.
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