Usefulness of RigiScan® evaluation of nocturnal penile tumescence
Nagao, K1; Iwai, H1; Tai, T1; Ozaki, Y1; Tanaka, N1; Kobayashi, H1; Nakajima, K1
1: Toho University, Japan
Background: The RigiScan® is widely used for evaluating impairment of erectile function after traumatic events such as traffic accidents, workplace injuries, and surgical operations, and is often used in preparing diagnostic reports of erectile dysfunction, which can then be used as evidence in court cases. In Japan, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare requires the use of RigiScan® monitoring for evaluating nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT) when assessing disability benefits for workplace accidents. We evaluated the accuracy of RigiScan® NPT testing for diagnosing erectile dysfunction.
Methods: A total of 46 men (age range, 17–65 years) presented at our clinic from January 2007 through October 2016 to obtain an official erectile dysfunction diagnosis certificate after physical trauma.
These diagnostic reports usually require two tests:(1) intracavernous injection of prostaglandin E1 (ICI PGE1) followed by RigiScan® evaluation of blood vessel response, and (2) a 3-day RigiScan® evaluation of erectile function, to assess NPT while the patient is sleeping.
Results: Of the 20 patients evaluated with NPT only, 16 had normal NPT results (indicating normal erectile function) and 4 had NPT abnormalities (indicating vascular disorders and/or neuropathy). The remaining 26 men were evaluated with NPT and ICI testing: NPT and ICI were both normal in 10 (indicating normal erectile function), NPT was normal but ICI was not in 5 (classified as normal erectile function), ICI was normal but NPT was not in 4 (indicating neuropathy), and both NPT and ICI were abnormal in 7 men (indicating a vascular disorder, with or without neuropathy).
Of the 26 men evaluated with both NPT and ICI testing, 5 had normal erectile function despite ICI abnormality, and another 4 had neuropathy despite normal ICI test findings. In the absence of NPT testing, diagnoses would have been based solely on ICI results, and 9 cases (35% of the 26 cases) would have been misdiagnosed. During ICI testing, response of smooth muscle in the corpus cavernosum to PGE1 is affected by psychological stress in the patient. Furthermore, ICI testing cannot be used to identify neuropathy.
Conclusion: When evaluating erectile function, RigiScan® assessment of NPT is superior to use of PGE1 ICI alone.
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