Sexual dysfunction and marital satisfaction in multiple sclerosis
Ramezani, MA1; Hajiseyedsadeghi , M1; Ghaemmaghami, A2
1: Shahid Beheshti University, Iran; 2: Islamic Azad University, Tehran Center Branch
Background: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic non-communicable neurological disease which is associated with many disabilities. One of the usually neglected comorbidities in MS is sexual dysfunctions (SDs).
Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the distribution of SDs in MS patients and to study the relationship between MS, SDs, and marital and sexual satisfaction.
Methods: 120 MS out-patients were chosen as the subjects of the study. Patients’ comprehensive sexual history was collected. Moreover, the female sexual function index (FSFI) and the international index of erectile function for men (IIEF) were used for data collection. The Evaluation and Nurturing Relationship Issue, Communication and Happiness questionnaire (ENRICH) was used to evaluate marital and sexual satisfaction.
Results: Sexual dysfunctions were diagnosed in 44 (62.8%) female and 18 (36%) male MS patients. The most common problem in men was orgasmic function (18%), and sexual pain (51.4%) and sexual desire (30%) in women. Overall, marital and sexual satisfaction were both higher in men with MS than in women with MS.
Conclusion: SDs are highly frequent in MS patients. Findings showed sexual satisfaction was dependent to SDs. Psycho-sexual counseling is necessary for MS patients.
Work supported by industry: no.Go Back